India is on track to be one of the fastest-growing economies in the world over the next several decades. It’s estimated this expansion will drive India’s building sector energy consumption up 2.7 percent per year from 2015 to 2040. This is more than twice the global average, with residential accounting for 70 percent of this demand. A new study jointly undertaken by Oracle Utilities and Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE) examined the implications of this growth on energy availability and increased carbon emissions, as well as the potential behavioural energy efficiency programs can have on balancing supply and demand.
Behavioural energy efficiency programmes engage customers with personalized energy insights and targeted actions that can help them save both energy and money. When well-orchestrated, their impact on energy consumption patterns is significant enough to help flatten the load curve at a grid-wide scale. In fact, international energy efficiency projects, such those happening with the Japan Ministry of Environment and Exelon in the United States have been proven to achieve on average 1-3 percent energy savings per household by sending residential consumers Home Energy Reports (HERs).
Preliminary assessment of India’s behavioural energy efficiency potential, based on this international experience, indicates energy savings could reach 3400 to 10200 GWh per annum by 2030, which translates to about 1800 to 5300 ktCO2e of yearly GHG mitigation, and customer cost savings in the range ₹ 1700 to 5100 crore annually.
BSES Rajdhani Power Limited (BRPL) and Oracle —in coordination with two lakh domestic utilities — are currently testing the first territory-wide Home Energy Report (HER) programme in India.
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